The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the [Management Coordination of High-Performance Sports], of the COTP.It was proposed that, pending on the filling out of an Informed Consent Form by the person in charge, information lectures be given related to female health and aspects associated with the female sportsperson, such as female anatomy, physiology of the menstrual cycle, contraceptive measures, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), uterine cervix cancer prevention test, female athlete triad, urinary incontinence in athletes, premenstrual tension (PMS), and the relation between contraceptives and doping.suggested the need to reserve a specific portion of the evaluation for issues inherent to the female body, with specific and focused gynecological and nutritional investigations, thus avoiding that these themes be omitted by these women or that their care be underestimated by the professionals involved.
The Pre-Participation Gynecological Examination can be considered an easy-to-apply instrument that allowed the diagnosis of alterations often underestimated by the athletes themselves.
After its application, the alterations were identified, and determined the athletes' referral to appropriate evaluation and treatment.
The assessment of some characteristics of the menstrual cycle such as age at menarche, date of last gynecological visit, presence of amenorrhea for more than 6 months, and acknowledgement of the association between menstruation and physical performance, has long been the object of study.
It should be mentioned that, in some cases, the PPE may be the only contact the athlete has with a physician, increasing even further the importance of this evaluation.
With increasing female participation in sports, it is indispensable that some issues, such as the female athlete triad, premenstrual tension (PMS), and urinary incontinence, be informed to sportswomen, whether they are of the elite or not.