Harsh and unnecessary criticism shakes that foundation and makes them feel worthless, confused and angry.
These feelings develop low self-esteem in teenagers, which is extremely devastating for them.
These are the abusive acts that are more overt and forceful, and often the intense acts that reinforce the regular use of other more subtle methods of abuse.
It’s not always easy to tell at the beginning of a relationship if it will become abusive.
Here at The Hotline, we use the Power & Control Wheel* to describe most accurately what occurs in an abusive relationship.